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International Business and Natural Resources

You will gain knowledge in ecosystemservices and their impact on sourcing natural materials. You will gain insight how businesses depend on natural resources to provide continuity in safe and reasonable prices of their products and services. You will learn the difference between linear and circular business models. You will create future businesses by using circular concepts like repair, remake, redesign, and rethink value of money. You will design business earning models that support sustainability virtues of Robert and Edward Skidelsky in their book ‘How much is enough? The love of money and the case for good life.’ These 7 virtues are: Health, Security, Respect, Personality, Harmony with nature, Friendship and Leisure. You will design circular supply chains that turn todays waste into valuable new business opportunities.
You will meet guest speakers from businesses, NGO’s, government and applied research universities who will inspire you to create a sustainable future economy. You will visit companies and organizations that already travel the journey to another future. You will understand their struggles and successes.
With this minor you are prepared for an unknown future that you will shape as a manager, as entrepreneur or as specialist in an (inter)national sustainable business.


• basic knowledge of, and insights into, the different types of ecosystem services and their impact on (international) business operations (circular economy),
• insight in possible business responses and available tools to manage natural resources sustainably (circular and bio based economy),
• basic knowledge tools to assess business impacts and dependencies on ecosystems and natural resources,
• basic understanding of, and insights into, how ecosystem services can be managed sustainably,
• basic understanding of, and insights into, how the circular economy approach can benefit (international) business operations,
• basic knowledge of, and insight into, the functioning of multi-stakeholder processes to implement sustainable models based on ecosystem services,
• the ability to design interventions in a multi-stakeholder and interdisciplinary setting.
• the ability to help assess the impact of new production models on the quality of ecosystem services provided by landscapes,
• the ability to design solutions to sustain ecosystem services using input from different sectors,
• the ability to develop a proposal for sustainable natural resource management,
• basic understanding of the fundamental principles of supply chain management to implement a circular economy,
• basic understanding of the necessary changes and transformations required for the successful implementation of an integrated supply chain.

Aanvullende informatie

In case of a low number of applications for the minor, the minor may not be offered. After closing the registration period, you will be informed as soon as possible (no later than 20 December 2019).


Minimum two years Bachelor with either basic understanding in businesses, basic understanding in life sciences, or basic understanding in technologies and techniques.

Provide documents for entry requirements: Bachelor Propedeuse plus 60 credits in a Bachelor major in business or life sciences or technologies/techniques.


• Project report– group assignment, minimum of 5,5 passing grade, weight 12
• Written exam – individual assessment, minimum of 5,5 passing grade, weight 8
• Assessment – individual assessment, pass/fail, weight 4
• Innovation assignment – group assignment, minimum of 5,5 passing grade, weight 4
• Personal development – individual assessment, pass/fail, weight 2.

Grade between: 0-10


Mandatory  theory book:

A Circular Economy Handbook for Business and Supply Chains: Repair, Remake, Redesign, Rethink (2017), Author: Catherine Weetman, 1st edition, Publisher: Kogan Page Ltd. ISBN: 9780749476755 , Price: € 45-50,-


Teaching and learning methods: students co-create and follow a learning journey to create and shape a desired sustainable international businesses and circular international supply chains, together with VHL lectorate(s), passionate teachers, international businesses and governmental organizations.