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Blockchain & Cryptocurrencies Business, Law & IT

FinTech innovations create a paradigm shift and blockchain technology currently forms the basis of this shift. We offer you the opportunity to become part of this and ready you for a digital future.

Do you want to learn everything about Blockchain Technology and her socio-economic consequences? Then the Minors ‘Introduction to Blockchain (15 ECT)’ and 'Blockchain & Cryptocurrencies Business, Law & IT (30 ECT)' at the The Hague University are just what you need!

These Minors, with an average student rating of 9.9, are designed together with experts from the field and various companies. You can therefore immediately put your new knowledge into practice by solving a specific blockchain related issue of an organization. The theory lessons are provided by experts from the professional field and researchers from The Hague University.

The Minor also offers you the opportunity to expand your network through various events with (inter)national guest speakers (inhouse & outhouse events!). Moreover, the previous excelling students quickly found graduation assignments or part time jobs within the world of Blockchain.

Of course you are not alone in this expedition. The Blockchain Education Centre, situated in The Hague, and an active online community of crypto enthusiasts are ready to help you in our Discord channel with more than 150 Blockchain fanatics.

Overview Minor Structure:

The following topics are covered during period A (= same program as "Introduction to Blockchain 15 ECT"):

  • fundamentals of Blockchain: cryptography, consensus, governance and game theory;
  • smart contracting;
  • token economics and assessment criteria;
  • social and economical impact;
  • "third generation Blockchains";
  • value proposition in practice and business assignments with active coaching. 

The Minor "Blockchain & Cryptocurrencies Business, Law & IT" contains two phases. Period A will lay the fundamental foundations of blockchain technology and these classes are multi-disciplinary. This is also available in the seperate minor "Introduction to Blockchain (15 ECT)". In period B you will be able to chose your own specialistion: Business, Legal or IT (15 ECT as well per specialisation).

The following topics are covered during period B (per specialisation 15 ECT)

Blockchain, Business, Finance & Control:

  • Blockchain and Businesses
  • Blockchain and (information) processes
  • Blockchain and Control
  • All about “Money” and Open Financial Systems
  • Decentralised Autonomous Organisations
  • Governance
  • Smart Contracting & algorithmic decision making
  • Self-sovereignty
  • IoT, AI, Big Data (highlights)
  • Innovation management
  • Public & Private blockchains
  • Crypto & Token Economics
  • Network Effects
  • Layer Solutions
  • CyberSecurity & Risk Management
  • Blockchain & Accounting (triple / single entry accounting)
  • Blockchain & Trading Assets
  • Blockchain in practice & use cases


  • How to design a blockchain app
  • How to deploy & run blockchain software 
  • Key management
  • Architecture blockchains
  • Architecture variations         
  • Blockchain instances
  • Building blocks – Networks
  • Building blocks Cryptographic
  • Building blocks - Generic      
  • Building blocks -Based on other project
  • How to program different types of objects – Objects
  • Programming languages
  • Programming tools
  • Programming patterns
  • Accessing building blocks
  • Source code control
  • Smart contract framework
  • Browser/plugin


  • Formal legal questions. These are legal questions that play within almost every blockchain, such as:
    - applicable law
    - competition law
    - contract law
    - IE right
    - ownership of a blockchain
    - identity within a blockchain
    - supervision of a blockchain
    - the processing of personal data within a blockchain.
  • Material legal questions
  • Developments European & Dutch regulations
  • Smart contracts
  • Bitcoin, ICOs, cryptocurrencies and tokens

Sign up quickly, places are limited! #FOMO



Main outcome of the multidisciplinary period A is that students are able to “explain at a detailed level which technological, financial and legal characteristics blockchain technology has and which socio-economic impact these characteristics have on a national and global scale.



Specialisation Business, Finance & Control

The student explains the blockchain technology compared with various parts of business (finance, control and management process design, strategy, information analyses) but also at the social level. The student designs / invents / builds a practical application in which a blockchain related practical problem is solved and where an implementation advice is formulated. In other words: the student is able to recognize opportunities and threats within an organization as a result of blockchain technology and is able to provide an organization with advice and, in cooperation with fellow students, to come to a (partial) implementation of the proposal.

1. Providing a contribution to the design of the management control system aimed at the management, control and monitoring of an organization, such that the (strategic) goals are achieved (= LO 2 F&C).

LO 1: the student demonstrates that he / she understands the blockchain technology and its technical, economic and social characteristics. Bloom: apply

2. Advising on the organization of the information provision and business processes aimed at managing risks in an organization (LO 4 F&C)

LO 2: the student applies the technical basic principles of blockchain technology in various practical skills and business processes.

Bloom: apply

3. Selecting and applying appropriate analysis methods aimed at taking the right decisions by an organization (= LO 3 F&C).

LO 3: the student evaluates the socio-economic impact of blockchain technology & ecosystem + LO 4: the student assesses the current blockchain projects that try to solve global problems.

Bloom: evaluate

4. Finance professionals can translate practical questions in organizations on the basis of a critical analysis into a concrete knowledge need and answer these with practical, feasible advice or designs (eg product, process, model), aimed at decision-making that leads to improvement or renewal of practical situations (occupational aspect of research ability F&C).

LO 5: the student applies the characteristics of blockchain technology to the different types of (global) business strategies, models and processes and evaluates possible opportunities and / or threats for an organization.

Bloom: evaluate

5. Finance professionals are advisory. This means, among other things, that they are communicative in word / and writing, also in an international context. Finance professionals are agile because they can reflect on their own actions and their own learning process and, as a result, can adjust their actions (professional-forming aspect professional craftsmanship F&C).

LO 6: The student constructs in groups an advisory plan for an organization with a blockchain related issue.

Bloom: create


Specialisation Legal (period B)

Blockchain technology is developing infinitely faster than the legal framework, both nationally and internationally. It is important that lawyers know about this technology and participate in the social debate and the development of this technology. Therefore, it is important to train students to become acquainted with the legal issues concerning blockchain and the bottlenecks that are experienced during the final phase of their studies. With the knowledge and insight that students obtain, they are able to view blockchain technology from a legal perspective and are able to know the implications of blockchain technology on the legal sector. In other words; the student knows which legal issues exist around blockchain, what the legal status of smart contracts is, how Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs), cryptocurrencies and tokens are legally defined and knows the developments within law regarding blockchain technology.

Legal 1 Juridisch analyseren Niveau 2

Legal 2 Adviseren Niveau 3
Legal 3 Organiseren Niveau 3
Legal 4 Juridisch communiceren N3

LO 14: Students learn which public and private European and Dutch laws and regulations apply to blockchain, smart contracts and cryptocurrencies à legal 1 (Bloom: analyse)

LO 15: Students are able to independently analyze the legal problems with the use of blockchain, smart contracts and cryptocurrencies à legal 1 (Bloom: analyse)

LO 16: On the basis of the legal analysis, students are able to advise companies, citizens and government bodies about possible (legal) risks associated with the use of blockchain, smart contracts and cryptocurrencies and also to offer solutions or solution directions; à Legal 2 and 4 (Bloom: create)

LO 17: Afterwards, students are able to follow the developments in legislation and regulations on the basis of acquired knowledge and insight, and to form and give their own opinion on this à Legal 4 (Bloom: create)

LO 18: Students are able to create an (juridical) overview of workflow and are able to create a smart contract that follow the rules of law and that are efficiently organised à Legal 3 (Bloom: create)

Specialisation IT (period B)

Blockchains will be used within a large number of companies and (government) organisations. Building blockchains requires a broad range of competences, which is why this minor is built in a modular way. One certainly required competence is the IT part, especially begin able to program (for) the blockchain.

From list of qualifications and competences Hbo ICT (based on national framework Hbo-I):

D17: Configuration

LO 7: Students uses the current blockchain architecture to build decentralized applications (Bloom: apply).

B4: Motivated selection of ICT related solutions

LO 8: Student chooses which architecture, from high level and low level architecture, is applicable based on the specific situation (Bloom: evaluate)

B4: Motivated selection of ICT related solutions

LO 9: Student evaluates and selects the building blocks to build decentralised applications (network, cryptographic, generic, project based). Bloom: evaluate.

C9: Designing technical infrastructure

D14: Realisation of software

D16: Realisation and using databases

D17: Configuration

E19: Managing designing processes

LO 10: Student creates a decentralised application by using programming languages, decentralised architecture, programming tools, programming patterns and building blocks (LO 9) Bloom: create.

D15: Testing

LO 11: Students creates and runs automated tests to test their decentralised application. Bloom: create.

C6: Software design

C7: Database design

C11: Human Computer Interaction design

LO 12: Student creates a design of a decentralized application combining the knowledge of ICT and other domains (legal, economic, etc.). Bloom: create.

E18: Managing applications, data, information and technical infrastructure

LO13: Student demonstrates how to deploy the decentralized application, how to deploy nodes, and how to manage keys. Bloom: apply.

Aanvullende informatie

Overview Minor Structure


You need to pass period A succesfully to be able to enter a specialisation in period B.


1. Small theory tests during class (10%)
2. Students provide a portfolio in which both theoretical assignments and practical skills are tested (50%)
3. Students deliver, in teams of four, an advice to a company that has a blockchain-related problem (40%)

All parts must be finished with > 5.4 to pass this Minor.


The above applies for period A as well as the specialisation in period B.


Required Reading:

  • Mastering Bitcoin – A. Antonopoulos (will be provided)
  • Mastering Ethereum – A. Antonopoulos (will be provided)
  • The Bitcoin Standard – S. Ammous (will be provided)
  • THUAS Blockchain Reader (will be provided)


Recommended Literature

  • Literature and many other sources. Literature list:


Period A (fundamentals)

Lessons will be mostly held during Thursdays and Fridays


Period B (per specialisation)

Legal: Monday & Tuesday

IT:  Monday & Wednesday

Business: Thursday & Friday